Briefing note 22 January 2015
In an attempt to discredit the movement supporting the parents of the disappeared students from Ayotzinapa, the Mexican federal government as well as corporate interests have shifted their attention away from organized crime onto so called violent groups. Blocking streets and highways as well as other forms as non-violent peaceful demonstrations are seen by the federal government as violent actions.
In addition, the Association of Hotels and Motels of Acapulco has also claimed that protesters are destroying the economy of Guerrero. It is interesting that this Association was not outspoken about the effects of drug-related violence on their business in the past. Even more shockingly, the founder of the large Mexican multinational Grupo Bimbo declared that the disappearance of the 43 students is now being blown out of proportion and that families should move on with their lives.
In the meantime, General Prosecutor, Murillo Karam, has broken a disclosure agreement with the families of Ayotzinapa’s as well as attempting to close the case. The Prosecutor’s Office had an agreement with the families to inform the parents of any forensic results before any public announcements were made. This was not done as parents of the victims knew about the forensic results from the University of Innsbruck in Austria after Murillo Karam openly discussed this information in a press conference. In addition, Murillo Karam has further hinted at the possibility of closing the case soon based on the testimonies of arrested suspects.
Today, December 14, 2014, federal police attacked Ayotzinapa students in Chilpancingo, the capital city of the state of Guerrero, when the latter were organizing the concert “A Light in the Darkness”. This concert was supposed to take place tonight as a solidarity activity with the 42 missing students.
There are around 17 people injured, among them two relatives of the disappeared students, students of Ayotzinapa’s Teachers College, faculty of the CETEG and students from Mexico’s National University #UNAM.
The victims were denied medical assistance at the Red Cross. The federal police also took away the phones, wallets and shoes belonging to those injured during the attack.
Families of the disappeared march from Torreon to Saltillo Coahuila to demand state authorities to follow adequate protocols in search operations (such as preserving evidence, avoid contamination of search locations, etc) (Photos by Itzel)
On February 8th, 2014, the Governor of Coahuila Ruben Moreira and the Assistant Attorney Juan José Yañez informed FUUNDEC and representatives of the UN Human Rights High Commissioner and the National Commission of Human rights about the recent search operations for the disappeared taking place in the northern region of the state of Coahuila. The governor affirmed that heavy machinery was not used in the operation, and journalists were not allowed in the search zone. He also mentioned that appropriate protocols for the collection of evidence were followed.
However, appropriate protocols were not followed as it was revealed by a news report released by the American channel Univision. The video shows how evidence was not preserved, the crime scene was not protected and heavy machinery was used. These practices are not compatible with international search protocols and diminish the possibilities of finding the disappeared and arrest those responsible for their disappearance. To the families of the victims, this search operation is more of a public relations strategy rather than a genuine effort to assist the victims and their families. For that reason, FUUNDEC decided to suspend any dialogue and consultation with state and federal authorities until the Governor of Coahuila and the General Commissioner of the Federal Police Enrique Galindo give FUUNDEC an explanation for the lack of appropriate protocol in the search operations.
FUUNDEC also asks international organizations for their assistance in the collection, classification and preservation of evidence that results from search operations. (In press release from January 31, 2014, FUUNDEC suggested the Government of Coahuila to join the Agreement of Collaboration for the Identification of Human Remains with the Attorney-in-General’s Office. This agreement was already used in the massacres of San Fernando and Cadereyta. The goal of this agreement is the creation of a Commission of Forensic Experts led by Argentina’s group of forensic anthropologists, which includes international and national forensic experts).
FUUNDEC is also organizing a “Truth Caravan” to demand results and the implementation of appropriate search protocols to state authorities. The caravan will depart from Torreon Coahuila on February 14th, 2014 and arrive the same day at the city of Saltillo, capital of the state.
Please contact the Governor of Coahuila on twitter @GobDeCoahuila and the Federal police @SSP_mx to show your support to the families in their protest.
Families of the disappeared protest in Coahuila for the lack of results in investigations, impunity and law-making and implementation.
Press Release CADHAC 23 December 2013 BP No. 1312/40
On December 19th, 2013, a judge in the state of Nuevo León granted federal protection and an amparo to María Elva Garza Ríos and Janeth de Jesús Olazarán Balderas. They are the mother and daughter respectively of Jehú Abraham Sepúlveda Garza, a victim of enforced disappearance. María Elva and Janeth, with the support of CADHAC, filed a law suit against a state judge’s decision to release the suspects of enforced disappearance of Jehú. The writ of amparo refers to the ability of victims of crime to claim that a court’s decision is unconstitutional. This means that a new court decision has to be issued in relation to the suspects of the disappearance of Jehú. For more information on this press release, please read the version in Spanish
On November 1st, a family, which is a member of United Forces for Our Disappeared in Mexico, was a victim of intimidations by the municipal, state and investigation police of Querétaro.
When the family asked the police why they were there, police officers responded that they received orders from above (de más arriba) to come to their home to make sure the family did not have unauthorized weapons. This family has been at the center of protests to pressure authorities in Queretaro to search for its missing relative and the relatives of other families in the state of Queretaro, who have also been disappeared.
FUNDEM indicated that other families in the country that belong to their organization have been victims of similar acts of intimidations and attacks.
In FUNDEM’s words: “We demand the Governor and the Attorney in General of the state of Queretaro to take measure to guarantee the safety of the family that was victim of intimidation…”
If you want to help to protect the family, send a message to the Government of Queretaro through twitter
Governor of Queretaro, Lic. José Eduardo Calzada Roviros
State Attorney General, Arsenio Durán Becerra